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1. 7
7
1.1.2. 7
8
1.2.1. ( ) 8
1.2.2. 9
1.2.3. ᒺ . 䒺 10
1.2.4. , 10
1.2.5. 11
1.2.6. 12
1.2.7. 13
1.2.8. ( ? ) 15
16
17
17
18
19
20
1.8.1. 20
1.8.2. 20
1.8.3. 21
22
23
1.10.1. ˳ 23
1.10.2. 24
1.10.3. 24
24
25
26
1 27
2. ˳ 28
2.1. () 28
2.1.1. 29
2.2. 34
2.3. 34
2.4. 36
2.4.1. 37
2.5. - () 39
2.6. - () 39
2.7. . 39
2.8. 䒺 . ³䒺 . 40
2.9. -- () 40
2.10. 41
2.11. 43
2.11.1. 43
2.12. 45
2.12.1. 45
2.13. 46
2.14. 47
2.15. 47
2.15.1. 48
2.16. . 49
2.17. . 51
2.18. 52
2.19. 55
2.19.1. D- 55
2.20. 56
2.21. 57
2.21.1. + 58
2.21.2. 58
2.22. 58
2.22.1. ( ) 59
2.22.2. 59
2.22.3. ( ) 59
2.23. 60
2 61
3. 62
3.1. 62
3.2. 63
3.3. 63
3.3.1. 64
3.3.2. 64
3.3.3. 64
3.4. 66
3.5. ( ) 67
3.5.1. 69
3 71
4. 72
4.1. 72
4.1.1. () 72
4.1.2. 72
4.2. 74
4.3. 74
4 76










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2.18.
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³ , D(p) :
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0
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IV

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B(p)+ (p)=0
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X
X
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k<k
k=k (. 2.34)
3. k>k .2.34.
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T2p+1
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2:
.., .. . ., 1997.
.. . . . . .: , 2001. 640.
.., .. . ˳ 䳿. . . : , 2001. 124.
.. . . .: , 2005 336.








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J EMBED Equation.3 (A) - . J EMBED Equation.3 (A) . J EMBED Equation.3 (A) .
J EMBED Equation.3 (A) = N(A)+JM(A), N(A) i M(A) .
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0


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3:
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